Darmstadtium, with the chemical symbol Ds and atomic number 110, is an artificially produced chemical element that was first synthesized in 1994 at the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (GSI) in Darmstadt, Germany. The discovery is credited to the research of Sigurd Hofmann, Gottfried Münzenberg, and their teams. Darmstadtium was created through the fusion of nickel-62 with lead-208 nuclei.
The name "Darmstadtium" honors the city of Darmstadt, where the GSI is located, and its significance in the exploration of transuranic elements. The discovery of Darmstadtium contributed to the further expansion of the periodic table. Darmstadtium is extremely rare on Earth and does not occur naturally. It is artificially produced in particle accelerators and has limited applications, mainly in research for studying the properties of transuranic elements.
The key Darmstadtium isotopes are Darmstadtium-281 and Darmstadtium-283. Darmstadtium-281 has a half-life of about 12.7 seconds, while Darmstadtium-283 is approximately 20 seconds.