Platinum, with the chemical symbol Pt and atomic number 78, was valued by pre-Columbian civilizations in South America before its formal discovery. The official discovery occurred in the 18th century, credited to the Spanish scientist Antonio de Ulloa and the Swedish chemist Carl von Sickingen. The name "Platinum" is derived from the Spanish word "platina," meaning "little silver."

On Earth, platinum is rare, constituting only about 0.005 ppm of the Earth's crust. This rarity gives platinum a unique value. The metal finds applications in various fields, from jewelry and electronics to catalytic processes in the chemical industry. Its resistance to corrosion also makes it indispensable in medical devices and dental implants.

The production of platinum involves mining platinum ores, primarily in South Africa, Russia, and Zimbabwe. Complex chemical processes are necessary to isolate and refine pure platinum.

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