Krypton, with the chemical symbol Kr, is a noble gas discovered in 1898 by the British chemists Sir William Ramsay and Morris Travers. It belongs to the noble gas group and was isolated from liquid air. Krypton is extremely rare on Earth, constituting only about 1 ppm of the atmosphere.
Due to its inert nature, krypton has limited applications in industrial or commercial settings. However, it is used in lighting technology, particularly in krypton gas discharge lamps, to create a bright and stable light source. These lamps find application in aerospace and medical technology.
Future applications for krypton could emerge in high-performance laser and lighting technology. Researchers are exploring ways to utilize krypton in advanced laser applications, potentially leading to more powerful and efficient laser sources. Additionally, the use of krypton in innovative lighting technologies is being investigated to develop energy-efficient light sources.