Berkelium, with the chemical symbol Bk and atomic number 97, is a fascinating artificially produced chemical element. It was first discovered in 1949 by American scientists Stanley G. Thompson, Glenn T. Seaborg, Ralph A. James, and Albert Ghiorso.

The name "Berkelium" is derived from the city of Berkeley in California, the location of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory where the discovery took place. It was discovered by irradiating americium with alpha particles. Berkelium is extremely rare on Earth and is primarily produced in nuclear reactors or through the decay of other transuranic elements. Due to its strong radioactivity, Berkelium has limited applications. It has been used in research for studies on nuclear structure and in nuclear chemistry.

The key Berkelium isotopes are Berkelium-247 and Berkelium-248. Berkelium-247 has a half-life of about 1,380 years, while Berkelium-248 has a half-life of approximately 330 days.

Active filters